On 19 March, Australia's State and Federal arts ministers met to discuss the impact of the COVID-19 on the arts. Now, seven weeks later, some states are still grappling to formulate realistic relief funding or recovery strategies for the sector.
It has hardly been a rapid response. One might suggest that the dribble out tactics have been an attempt to diffuse the impact of the meagre support, or worse still, a kind of hold-off lag sending the message, 'Damn, must we?'
With the announcement this week that Australia’s premier multi-arts organisation Carriageworks (NSW) had gone into voluntary administration, the stark reality of the sector's precarious position has hit home. Truly, the lack of emergency support for the arts by the majority of State governments – and especially the Federal Government – is appalling, given that this is a $111.7 billion industry (2016-17) which drives tourism into the states and supports community wellbeing.
In light of this situation, ArtsHub has conducted a state-by-state audit of new funding and relief support from governments in order to see the real value each state places on the arts and cultural life, beyond the vapid celebratory banter and rhetoric.
VICTORIA: THE WINNERS
Total: $16.8M + $32.3M
On 28 April, the Victorian Government announced its $16.8 million arts survival package. The funding – which consists almost entirely of new money rather than monies repurposed from existing programs within Creative Victoria – provides immediate support to Victorian arts organisations and individuals. The arts survival package consists of three separate streams:
- A new $13 million Strategic Investment Fund for arts organisations. It will be will be shared by almost 100 non-government arts and cultural organisations including festivals, performing arts companies, museums and galleries.
- A new $2.2 million Sustaining Creative Workers Initiative, which will support individual artists and micro-organisations.
- And $1.6 million from existing grants programs that has been fast tracked as quick grants to the sector.
Collectively, Victoria's creative and cultural industries contributes almost $22.7 billion in annual gross value to the Victorian economy – which represents eight per cent of the total Victorian economy (2017). The arts generate $1.4 billion annually in exports and attracts around $1 billion in cultural tourism for the state.
Over 220,000 people are employed in Victoria’s creative and cultural economy, representing almost 8% of total employment in Victoria, and around 29% of all Australian creative and cultural economy employees.
After publishing this article, the Victorian Government announced (13 May) a further $32.3 million to support creative agencies and initiatives, including funding for the Geelong Arts Centre, Museums Victoria, National Gallery of Victoria, Arts Centre Melbourne and Melbourne Recital Centre. This funding also includes $6 million to support live music industry workers.
QUEENSLAND: THE FIRST
Making the Sunshine State proud, the Queensland Government was the first to roll out support for the arts sector. On 18 March it announced an $8 million relief package, including rent relief and a 12 month extension of current funding.
‘To provide certainty for the sector, companies that are current recipients of the 2017-2020 Organisations Fund, will be guaranteed a further 12 months’ funding at current levels to December 2021,’ said Queensland’s Minister for the Arts, Leeanne Enoch.
Arts Queensland waived rental payments for tenants based in Queensland Government Arts facilities through to December 2020.
On 25 March, Enoch announced a further $2.5 million in support; money both reallocated from existing funds and funding bought forward. The package includes:
- A boost of $500,000 to next round of Individuals Fund grants.
- Applications bought forward to access $2 million under the Queensland Arts Showcase Program (QASP). Funding caps for QASP Arts Ignite and Arts Impact projects will increase to $80,000, and to $120,000 for QASP Arts Illuminate projects.
80,000 Queenslanders work in the culture and creative arts sector.
NEW SOUTH WALES: THE LAGGER
TOTAL: $6.34M (of which only $1.68M appears to be new funding relief)
It could be said that NSW has shown its true colours during COVID-19’s stimulus rounds, continuing to struggle through bureaucracy and bungles rather than offer decisive action for the arts and cultural sector.
Then Minister for the Arts Don Harwin resigned from his role on 10 April, for disregarding COVID-19 restrictions, with Premier Gladys Berejiklian assuming the role.
It took a further three weeks before Create NSW announced COVID-19 support for the NSW small-medium arts and screen sector on 28 April. The announcement included new funding initiatives and the repurposing of existing funding totalling $6.34 million.
Key elements of the package include $1.68 million in new funding as listed below:
- $450,000 for a new arts funding program specifically targeted categories that address impact by COVID-19.
- $700,000 for new Screen Slate Development Fund for NSW production companies and producers to apply for a maximum of $100,000.
- $350,000 funding increase to Small Project Grants from $500 to $5,000.
- $180,000 for new rounds of Creative Leadership – six new fellowship opportunities (each valued at $30,000) offered for individual artists and groups to experience digital residency programs with leading NSW organisations.
The package also offered rental assistance (over $1 million in relief for 38 arts organisations housed across the Create NSW property portfolio for six-months); over $2 million in Round 2 of Create NSW’s standard program of grants (not new funding); and over $1.5 million through existing screen funding programs (again, nothing new).
While the Creative Industries Economic Profile in June 2013 valued the NSW arts sector’s contribution at over $36 billion, a report commissioned by Create NSW (released December 2018) assessed the economic value of arts, screen and culture to NSW as contributing approximately $16.4 billion ($8.7 billion direct and $7.7 billion indirect) (2016-17), and involved the full-time employment of over 118,000 workers (82,400 direct or FTE, and 36,400 indirect).
A lack of clarity appears to be the only thing consistent in NSW.
WESTERN AUSTRALIA: The CANCELLer
The WA Government via Duncan Ord, Director General of the Department of Local Government, Sport and Cultural Industries, decreed on 23 March that all cultural and art institutions were to be closed. An announcement of support for the arts, however, did not come for another month.
On 24 April, Ord’s office announced that organisations could apply for Lotterywest support through its COVID-19 Relief Fund involving the ‘Event Cancellation Relief and ‘Sector Support for Resilient Organisations’ short term grants programs in partnership with Department of Local Government, Sport and Cultural Industries (DLGSC).
The total package of $14 million towards event cancellations, however, was to be divvied up between not-for-profit arts, sports and community organisations – with the arts assigned ‘up to $5M’.
A further $25 million, through Lotterywest, is available to organisations to help maintain staff, pivot operations, develop new ways of working, and build resilience for recovery. Arts organisations are eligible to apply but are not exclusive to these monies. Up to $8 million for relief to culture and arts organisations.
This week (5 May), DLGSC announced that it would relax targets, bring forward payments and simplify reporting for existing funding through the Major Performing Arts (MPA) program and the Arts Organisations Investment Program (AOIP). No added money was brought forward, but permission to repurpose grant money was given.
DLGSC has consolidated all remaining unallocated funding towards the Arts U-15K and Contemporary Music Fund Grant Program (U-15k category), to ensure that independent artists who are not able to access the Lotterywest Relief Fund, can apply.
In order to fund this initiative, DLGSC has suspended many arts and culture funding programs that are currently open, due to open, or for which funding applications have already been written and submitted – a decision which has caused considerable dismay among WA artists and arts organisations.
The WA arts sector injects $10.6 billion to the state economy and employs more than 42,000 people, with 87.8 per cent of the State’s population attending arts and cultural events annually.
Since publishing this article, the DLGSC has advised ArtsHub that it has contributed $2.5 million via the Screen Industry Sustainability Package through Screenwest, and
is also absorbing nearly $3m in-kind in venue support and arts tenancy relief.
SOUTH AUSTRALIA: THE SMALL aimed WIDE
The South Australian Government, through Arts South Australia, moved quickly in the early days of lockdown and made available a targeted support package of $1.5 million for the arts and cultural sector. A week later that was topped up to $2.5 million.
Arts South Australia has re-configured its available grant funds to assist artists and organisations to respond to the immediate pressures under COVID-19. They are:
- Quick response grants of $5,000 to $10,000 for independent professional artists, towards the purchase, hire or upgrade of technology and equipment to enable development and sharing of new and existing work via digital and virtual platforms.
- Quick response Creative Endeavour grants of $5,000 to $10,000 for independent professional artists to undertake professional development or continue their creative practice, with priority given to artists who have had contracts cancelled.
- Arts Organisations’ Collaboration grants of up to $100,000 for major arts and cultural organisations, the small-to-medium sector and independent artists to achieve employment outcomes.
The new initiatives have been welcomed by the Arts Industry Council of South Australia (AISCA) which said in a statement: 'While AICSA is pleased with the South Australian State Government response … only the Federal Government can provide the level of investment required to ensure a future for arts and culture in Australia, including South Australia.'
Adelaide’s 11 major arts festivals alone brought more than $109 million into the state economy in 2018, up 27.7% on the previous year.
NORTHERN TERRITORY: TOP END FAILS TOP DOLLAR
The NT Government will deliver a $2 million re-prioritised funding program to support the Arts, Creative and Screen Industry sector. For Arts and Creatives, a focus on artists, arts groups and not for profit arts organisations has been developed through four programs:
- Indigenous Visual Arts Industry Support Program – a $200,000 Indigenous Visual Arts Industry Support Program will be facilitated through the Indigenous visual arts peak bodies, Desart and Arnhem Northern Kimberley Artists, to provide intensive support to Aboriginal art centres, artists and arts workers.
- Digital Adaptation Program – $200,000 in funding is available, with up to $10,000 per application;
- Channel NT - Virtual Territory with grants of up to $10,000 per applicant to produce content.
- Territory Arts Project grants will support existing and emerging artists in the creation of new artist works and skills development. Two grant rounds will be conducted in 2020.
- The Northern Territory Government will deliver a $1 million re-prioritised funding program to support the Screen Sector, through the establishment of a Screen Industry Support and Content Development Program. This funding will be delivered through three funding rounds.
The arts and culture sector employs over 35,000 in the NT (2016) and generated around $20 million in direct income. There are 36 arts and culture festivals alone, presented annually in the Territory each year.
TASMANIA: THE BEST PER CAPITA
TOTAL: $1.5M + $2M in-kind relief
On 27 March, Minister for Arts, the Hon. Elise Archer announced that the Tasmanian Government would support the arts with a package that provides new funding of $1.5 million and new operational measures of over $2 million to support the individuals and organisations leading Tasmania’s cultural sector. The new funding included:
- $500,000 to support Tasmanian artists to work with Tasmanian screen professionals to make content for digital distribution and promotion;
- $250,000 to support contemporary musicians to record music and music videos for digital distribution and promotion;
- $250,000 of additional screen development funding, to be largely delivered through Screen Tasmania’s Project Development Program;
- An additional $500,000 in competitive funding for arts organisations to support additional employment and cultural activity
Archer also announced another in-kind support mechanism that measures $2 million in real costs.
- Temporary suspension of repayments of current Arts Tasmania low-interest loans and loans through the COLLECT Art Purchase Scheme
- An increase in the maximum amount delivered to projects through Screen Tasmania’s Project Development Program
- One year rollover for arts organisations which have contracts in receipt of single year or final year funding through Arts Tasmania’s Organisations Program (worth more than $1.6 million);
- Immediate payment of final installment of grants to improve cash flow (worth over $349,000);
But that was not enough for the small southern state. A month later (20 April) Archer further announced that $110,000 had recently been expedited and awarded through Arts Tasmania’s latest funding round. The arts are also eligible for small business emergency supports grants program of $2,500, drawn from a pool of $20M in relief funding.
The cultural and creative industries in Tasmania contribute around $179 million a year to the economy and employs over 5,000 Tasmanians.
artsACT’s website says: ‘The ACT Government recognises the immediate support needed for Canberra artists who have lost their income and ability to maintain their arts practice as a result of COVID-19’, adding that it ‘remains flexible and ready to respond when we need to’. The response has been slow in coming.
To date, all it has rolled out is HOMEFRONT a relief package for Canberra artists to support arts development and the sustainability of their arts practices over the next six to nine months with up to $10,000 per artist.
Over 370 applications were received and funding has been provided to 66 successful recipients, totalling $503,586. That accounts to 17.8% only of an expressed need through applications.
Additionally, the ACT Government through artsACT will provide up to $500,000 in funding to the head-licensees of arts facilities to enable the waiving of fees for sub-licensees for six months. It is anticipated that this will support 65 smaller arts organisations.
This was followed up with the announcement of $1M for ACT's key arts organisations. Eligible organisations include Megalo Access Arts, PhotoAccess, Music For Canberra, The Street Theatre, Canberra Symphony Orchestra, Canberra Glassworks and the Canberra Contemporary Art Space. Applications close 22 May.
On a standard years, the ACT government distributes about $5 million to key arts organisations.
Furthermore, the ACT Government will also not charge any rent, for a six-month period from 1 April 2020, to community groups occupying ACT Government owned properties. This includes ACT Government owned arts facilities. They have not quantified this amount.
In 2012–13 the direct output of the arts and cultural sector in the ACT was estimated to be $974 million, of which the arts were responsible for $361 million, while the value that the sector directly added to ACT’s economy was $426 million. Spending through cultural tourism was estimated to be worth $855 million. An updated figure in 2018 noted that 69% of Canberra's visitors were nternational art tourists.
In 2018 alone, the ACT live performance industry generated total revenue of $27,848,747 through ticket sales. Canberrans spend approximately $71 per week on arts and culture, which is a higher per capita level than other capital cities, and the ACT has the highest cultural participation rate (45%) than any other jurisdiction in Australia. Data source.
There were 11,864 persons employed in the cultural and creative sector as their main job in the ACT in 2016, and as of June 2018, the ACT had nearly 2,862 active businesses in the cultural industries.